Fidyah or Fidaa means bail that releases a person from a trial or responsibility. The meaning of Fidyah in this article is fidyah as a payment of bail that release a responsibility of a muslim who skipped or missed fasting during the month of Ramadan. Fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam. It is an obligation for a muslim. If he/she is unable to fast during Ramadan, he/she should pay a bail to release the responsibility of fast in the previous Ramadan. Muslims who cannot perform fasting because of legitimate reasons, such as sickness, pregnancy, and breast feeding a newborn baby have legitimate and permanent reasons that prevent a person to pay the skipped fasts in another month.
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It is agreed by Islamic jurists that Fidyah must be paid to needy people who cannot afford food. A person who skipped fasting for a day must give a meal of the size of a salad bowl (1 mudd or 0.75 L) to the impoverished (fuqara or masakin). If the fidyah is converted to amount of money, the money should be equal with the common meal’s price in the area. Let’s say, in New York a meal costs $15. If a muslim skipped fasting for a day, he must give a meal of food to the needy at least costs him $15.
Nowadays, paying for your fidyah is very convenient. People can give the fidyah to masjids or charitable organizations, such as Dompet Dhuafa USA. The organizations will distribute your fidyah to people in need, such as homeless or other people who can’t afford foods. You can give your fidyah through our website or Paypal and send a confirmation to us.